Coffee was born in Ethiopia. It is said that during a forest fire in Abyssinia coffee fields spread a delicious smell similar to the one find in the roasters.
Witnesses of the fire, caught the grains burned by fire, mashed and cooked them to make a drink : coffee was born.
Another legend says that Kaldi, a young Yemen shepherd, saw his goats to eating the fruits and leaves of an unknown tree and noticed that the animals were more agitated. He told the phenomenon to the monks of the nearby monastery, who rushed to go scoop these strange fruits. Dried them and made an infusion. The feverish turmoil that followed was considered a divine revelation
In the eighth century both leaves and freshly picked fruits were used in infusions, but it was only in the fifteenth century that the Arabs toasted grains, reducing them to powder to prepare the refreshing drink we know today.
It was in the sixteenth century that coffee conquered the world, the first coffee establishment appeared in Constantinople, then the Venetians brought the precious nectar to Europe. In 1654, opened the first café in Marseille and then other cities followed the example. In Paris was the Italian Francisco Procopio dei Coltelli that opened in 1702, its own establishment, “Le Procope”, which can still be visited today. It was a meeting place where great thinkers, artists and writers, gathered to relax, have fun and exchange ideas.
There are over sixty varieties of coffee (Coffea). This plant belonging to the Rubiaceae family can live up to 40 years and can reach 10 meters height, but in plantations, one keeps it to three meters. Its flowers are white and scented, its leaves are arranged in pairs and remain green all year. The coffee plant has flower and fruit at the same time. Its many flowers evoke the scent of jasmine, are pure white or pink and grouped into “bouquets”. The fruit reaches maturity from 8 to 12 months (6 to 10 months to certain species) and is initially green becomes yellow and finally is crimson red, has an average of 1.7 cm and it’s divided in two parts, each one with a seed.